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Hawaii is in the North Pacific Ocean, 2,300 miles from the mainland. During
roughly 1778–1898, Hawaii was also known as the Sandwich Islands. Hawaii
is the only state that was once a kingdom ruled by its own native royalty, and
it's official languages are English and Hawaiian.

Hawaii was first inhabited in roughly 1000 CE, by Polynesian settlers who came
from islands in the South Pacific, most likely the Marquesas. For nearly 800
years, the people of Hawaii lived in a complex caste society governed by
various warring chiefdoms and an extensive system of religious and social
taboos called the kapu system. British explorer James Cook chanced upon the
Hawaiian archipelago in 1778, in what is commonly assumed to be the first
European contact with Hawaiians; however, there is evidence of earlier Spanish
visits to Hawaii. With the help of foreign advisers and weapons, a Hawaiian
warrior known as Kamehameha began a gradual ascent to power. Before his
death in 1819, Kamehameha had succeeded in conquering all of the major
Hawaiian islands, a feat never before accomplished in the history of the
islands.

The kingdom established by King Kamehameha lasted until 1893, when the
last Hawaiian monarch, Queen Liliuokalani, was overthrown in a coup led by
supporters of the Reform Party of the Hawaiian Kingdom and replaced by a
Provisional Government, and later a Republic. During the kingdom and
republic era, Hawaii's economy transitioned from that of an isolated state into
that of a state integrated into the world's free market, producing and
exporting more than two hundred thousand tons of sugar annually. In 1898,
Hawaii was annexed to the United States of America and attained statehood in
1959.

An archipelago in the mid-Pacific and, Hawaii is the southernmost state of the
United States, and would be the westernmost, if not for Alaska. Hawaii is the
only state that is without territory on the mainland of any continent, is
completely surrounded by water, and continues to grow in area because of
active extrusive lava flows, most notably from Kilauea.

The Hawaiian Archipelago comprises eighteen islands and atolls extending
across a distance of 1,500 miles, and were formed by volcanoes arising from
the sea floor.. Of these, eight are considered the "main islands" and are
located at the southeastern end of the archipelago. These islands are, in
order from the northwest to southeast, Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai,
Kahoolawe, Maui, and Hawaii. The latter is by far the largest, and is very often
called the "Big Island" or "Big Isle". The use of that alternative name is often
On location: Hawaii
Text adapted from
Wikipedia entry
   
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motivated by a desire to avoid ambiguity with "Hawaii" meaning the entire state (all of the islands), as opposed to only that one island.

The movement of the Hawaiian royal family from the island of Hawaii to Maui, and subsequently to Oahu, explains why certain population centers
exist where they do today. The largest city, Honolulu, was the one chosen by King Kamehameha III as the capital of his kingdom because of the
natural harbor there, the present-day Honolulu Harbor. The largest city is the capital, Honolulu, located along the southeast coast of the island of
Oahu.

Lost, of course, shoots on location in Hawaii, which has a growing film industry administered by the state through the Hawaii Film Office. Many
television shows, movies, and various other media projects were produced in the Hawaiian Islands, taking advantage of the natural scenic
landscapes as backdrops. Notable films produced in Hawaii or inspired by Hawaii include Hawaii, Blue Hawaii, Donovan's Reef, From Here to Eternity,
South Pacific, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Jurassic Park, Outbreak, Waterworld, Six Days Seven Nights, George of the Jungle, 50 First Dates, Pearl
Harbor, Blue Crush, and Lilo and Stitch. The recently released film Snakes on a Plane takes place on a flight departing Hawaii for the U.S. mainland.
Hawaii is home to a prominent film festival known as the Hawaii International Film Festival. Other television shows, episodic and min series, that
were produced in Hawaii include
North Shore, Hawaii, Dog The Bounty Hunter, Celebrity Mole Hawaii, MTV Real World: Hawaii, Byrds of Paradise, Jake and the
Fatman, Tour of Duty, War and Remembrance, The Thorn Birds, Magnum, P.I., Fantasy Island, The Don Ho Show, Aloha from Hawaii
[NBC special featuring
Elvis Presley]
, Little People, Hawaii Five-O, Gilligan's Island, Adventures in Paradise, and Hawaiian Eye.

Lost
is filmed almost entirely on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. The original island scenes for the pilot were filmed at Mokulēia Beach, near the
northwest tip of the island. Later beach scenes take place in secluded spots of the famous North Shore. Cave scenes in the first season were filmed
on a sound stage built at a Xerox parts warehouse, which had been empty since an employee mass shooting took place there in 1999. The
soundstage and production offices have since moved to the Hawaii Film Office-operated Hawaii Film Studio, at which the sets depicting Season 2's
"Swan station" and Season 3's "Hydra station" interiors were built. Various urban areas in and around Honolulu are used as stand-ins for locations
around the world, including Los Angeles, New York, Iowa, Miami, South Korea, Iraq, Nigeria, England, France and Australia. For example, scenes set
in a Sydney airport were filmed at the Hawaii Convention Center, while a World War II-era bunker was used as an Iraqi Republican Guard
installation. Extensive archives of filming locations are tracked at a repository at
Lostvirtualtour.com.